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  • Shoulder Instability Shoulder Instability

    Shoulder instability is a chronic condition that causes frequent dislocation of the shoulder joint.

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  • Anterior Shoulder Instability Anterior Shoulder Instability

    Anterior shoulder instability, also known as anterior glenohumeral instability, is a condition in which damage to the soft tissues or bone causes the head of the humerus (upper arm bone) to dislocate or sublux from the glenoid fossa, compromising the function of the shoulder.

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  • Posterior Shoulder Instability Posterior Shoulder Instability

    Posterior shoulder instability, also known as posterior glenohumeral instability, is a condition in which the head of the humerus (upper arm bone) dislocates or subluxes posteriorly from the glenoid (socket portion of the shoulder) as a result of significant trauma.

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  • Arthritis of the Shoulder Arthritis of the Shoulder

    The term arthritis literally means inflammation of a joint but is generally used to describe any condition in which there is damage to the cartilage.

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  • Sternoclavicular Arthritis Sternoclavicular Arthritis

    Damage of the cartilage in the sternoclavicular joint of the shoulder causes sternoclavicular arthritis. When the cartilage is damaged, the two bones rub against each other causing pain, swelling, and stiffness of the joint. This condition is called arthritis.

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  • Acromioclavicular (AC) Arthritis Acromioclavicular (AC) Arthritis

    The acromioclavicular joint is part of the shoulder joint. It is formed by the union of the acromion, a bony process of the shoulder blade, and the outer end of the collar bone or clavicle. The joint is lined by cartilage that gradually wears with age as well as with repeated overhead or shoulder level activities such as basketball. The condition is referred to as AC arthritis or acromioclavicular arthritis.

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  • Acromioclavicular (AC) Joint Osteoarthritis Acromioclavicular (AC) Joint Osteoarthritis

    Osteoarthritis also called degenerative joint disease, is the most common form of arthritis.

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  • Rotator Cuff Tear Rotator Cuff Tear

    A rotator cuff is a group of tendons in the shoulder joint that provides support and enables a wide range of motion. A major injury to these tendons may result in rotator cuff tears.

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  • Rotator Cuff Pain Rotator Cuff Pain

    The rotator cuff consists of a group of tendons and muscles that surround and stabilize the shoulder joint. These tendons allow a wide range of movement of the shoulder joint across multiple planes. Irritation or injury to these tendons can result in rotator cuff pain.

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  • Shoulder Pain Shoulder Pain

    Pain in the shoulder may suggest an injury, which is more common in athletes participating in sports such as swimming, tennis, pitching, and weightlifting. The injuries are caused due to the over usage or repetitive motion of the arms.

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  • Shoulder Labral Tear Shoulder Labral Tear

    Traumatic injury to the shoulder or overuse of the shoulder (throwing, weightlifting) may cause the labrum to tear. In addition, aging may weaken the labrum leading to injury.

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  • SLAP Tears SLAP Tears

    The term SLAP (superior –labrum anterior-posterior) lesion or SLAP tear refers to an injury of the superior labrum of the shoulder.

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  • Shoulder Labral Tear with Instability Shoulder Labral Tear with Instability

    The shoulder consists of a ball-and-socket joint formed by the upper end of the humerus (upper arm bone) and a cavity in the shoulder blade called the glenoid.

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  • Shoulder Fracture Shoulder Fracture

    A break in a bone that makes up the shoulder joint is called a shoulder fracture.

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  • Fracture of the Shoulder Blade (Scapula) Fracture of the Shoulder Blade (Scapula)

    The scapula (shoulder blade) is a flat, triangular bone providing attachment to the muscles of the back, neck, chest, and arm. The scapula has a body, neck, and spine portion.

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  • Clavicle Fracture Clavicle Fracture

    The break or fracture of the clavicle (collarbone) is a common sports injury associated with contact sports such as football and martial arts, as well as impact sports such as motor racing.

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  • Glenoid Fractures Glenoid Fractures

    Fractures of the glenoid are rare but can occur due to major trauma or during high-energy sports activities.

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  • Proximal Humerus Fractures Proximal Humerus Fractures

    Fractures of the proximal humerus are common in elderly individuals suffering from osteoporosis. In younger individuals, a severe trauma such as a fall from a height on an outstretched hand or motor vehicle accident can cause these fractures.

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  • Periprosthetic Shoulder Fracture Periprosthetic Shoulder Fracture

    A periprosthetic shoulder fracture is a fracture that occurs in the bone adjacent to a shoulder prosthesis.

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  • Shoulder Ligament Injuries Shoulder Ligament Injuries

    Shoulder ligament injuries are injuries to the tough elastic tissues present around the shoulder that connect bones to each other and stabilize the joint.

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  • Baseball & Shoulder Injuries Baseball & Shoulder Injuries

    Shoulder injuries in baseball players are usually associated with pitching. While this overhand throwing activity can produce great speed and distance for the ball, when performed repeatedly, can place a lot of stress on the shoulder.

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  • Throwing Injuries of the Shoulder Throwing Injuries of the Shoulder

    Throwing injuries of the shoulder are injuries sustained as a result of trauma by athletes during sports activities that involve repetitive overhand motions of the arm as in baseball, American football, volleyball, rugby, tennis, track and field events, etc.

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  • Sternoclavicular Joint Injury Sternoclavicular Joint Injury

    The sternoclavicular joint, commonly called the SC joint, is located between the breastbone (sternum) and the collarbone (clavicle).

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  • Sternoclavicular (SC) Joint Injuries Sternoclavicular(SC) Joint Injuries

    The sternoclavicular joint, commonly called the SC joint, is located between the breastbone (sternum) and the collarbone (clavicle).

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  • Acromioclavicular (AC) Joint Injuries Acromioclavicular (AC) Joint Injuries

    The acromioclavicular (AC) joint in the shoulder is very important for shoulder strength, motion, and maintaining shoulder position. The joint is stabilized by various ligaments and a capsule, which can cause pain and affect normal joint function if damaged.

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  • Shoulder Impingement Shoulder Impingement

    Shoulder impingement is the inflammation of the tendons of the shoulder joint. It is one of the most common causes of pain in the shoulder. Shoulder impingement is also called swimmer’s shoulder, tennis shoulder or rotator cuff tendinitis.

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  • Subacromial Impingement Syndrome Subacromial Impingement Syndrome

    SAIS is the inflammation and irritation of your rotator cuff tendons. This occurs when the tendons rub against the outer end of the shoulder blade (the acromion) while passing through the subacromial space during shoulder movement.

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  • Internal Impingement of the Shoulder Internal Impingement of the Shoulder

    Internal shoulder impingement can be described as a pathological condition resulting from repetitive impingement of the internal surface of the rotator cuff by the bones at the back of the glenohumeral joint.

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  • Snapping Scapula Snapping Scapula

    Snapping scapula or snapping scapula syndrome is also known as scapulothoracic syndrome or scapulocostal syndrome.

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  • Frozen Shoulder Frozen Shoulder

    Frozen shoulder, also called adhesive capsulitis, is a condition in which you experience pain and stiffness in your shoulder. The symptoms appear slowly, worsen gradually and usually take one to three years to resolve on their own.

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  • Shoulder Trauma Shoulder Trauma

    Shoulder injuries most commonly occur in athletes participating in sports such as swimming, tennis, pitching, and weightlifting. The injuries are caused due to the over usage or repetitive motion of the arms.

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  • Shoulder Bursitis Shoulder Bursitis

    Shoulder bursitis, also known as subacromial bursitis, is a condition characterized by pain and inflammation in the bursa of the shoulder. The bursa is a fluid-filled sac present between the bone and soft tissue that acts as a cushion and helps to reduce friction during movement.

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  • Rotator Cuff Bursitis Rotator Cuff Bursitis

    The rotator cuff is a set of muscles and tendons which hold the various bones of the shoulder joint together, providing strength and support.

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  • Proximal Biceps Tendinitis Proximal Biceps Tendinitis

    Proximal biceps tendinitis is the irritation and inflammation of the biceps tendon at the shoulder joint.

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  • Shoulder Dislocation Shoulder Dislocation

    Sports that involve overhead movements and repeated use of the shoulder at your workplace may lead to sliding of the upper arm bone from the glenoid.

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  • Bicep Tendon Rupture Bicep Tendon Rupture

    The biceps muscle is located in the front side of your upper arm and functions to help you bend and rotate your arm.

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  • Little League Shoulder Little League Shoulder

    Little league shoulder is an injury to the growth plate of the upper arm bone at the shoulder joint of children. It is an overuse injury caused by repeated pitching or throwing, especially in children between the ages of 10 to 15 years. This condition is mostly seen in baseball pitchers, but children in other sports who use improper throwing action are also at risk.

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  • Shoulder Tendonitis Shoulder Tendonitis

    Shoulder tendonitis is a condition characterized by inflammation of the tendons which connect the muscles to the shoulder bones. Tendonitis of the rotator cuff tendons is known as rotator cuff tendonitis. If the biceps tendon is affected, the condition is known as bicipital tendonitis.

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  • Shoulder Disorders Shoulder Disorders

    The shoulder is the most flexible joint in the body that enables a wide range of movements. Aging, trauma or sports activities can cause injuries and disorders that can range from minor sprains or strains to severe shoulder trauma.

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  • Acromioclavicular Joint Sprains Acromioclavicular Joint Sprains

    The collarbone and the shoulder blade are connected by the acromioclavicular joint.

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  • Subluxation Subluxation

    The shoulder is a highly mobile ball and socket joint. The ball of the upper arm bone (humerus) is held in place at the socket (glenoid) of the shoulder blade (scapula) by a group of ligaments.

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  • Overhead Athlete's Shoulder Overhead Athlete's Shoulder

    An overhead athlete is at increased risk of injury due to the mechanism associated with rapid shoulder elevation, external rotation, and abduction.

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  • Post-traumatic Stiffness of the Shoulder Post-traumatic Stiffness of the Shoulder

    Post-traumatic stiffness of the shoulder is the inability of the shoulder joint to move freely due to the damage sustained to the normal gliding surfaces of the shoulder as a result of trauma (injury) or surgery.

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  • Sternoclavicular Joint (SC joint) Sternoclavicular Joint (SC joint)

    The sternoclavicular joint is the joint between the breastbone (sternum) and the collar bone (clavicle).

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  • Rotator Cuff Re-tear Rotator Cuff Re-tear

    Rotator cuff repair is a surgery to repair an injured or torn rotator cuff. A re-tear may occur a few years after surgery due to multiple reasons including aging, a massive previous tear (more than 5cm), fatty degradation of the tendons, inflammatory arthritis, and inappropriate rehabilitation.

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  • Partial Rotator Cuff Tear Partial Rotator Cuff Tear

    A partial rotator cuff tear is an incomplete tear that involves damage to a part of the tendon. The tear can be at the top, bottom or inner side of the tendon and does not go all the way through the tendon completely.

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  • Sternoclavicular Separation Sternoclavicular Separation

    The sternoclavicular joint is a joint at the center of your upper chest, connecting your breastbone and collarbone, and held together by a strong band of ligaments. A sternoclavicular separation occurs when the ligaments connecting these two bones together are injured.

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  • AC Joint Separation AC Joint Separation

    AC joint separation, also known as shoulder separation, is a condition characterized by damage to the ligaments that connect the acromion to the collar bone. As a result, the bones do not line up properly, causing joint pain and instability.

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  • Proximal Biceps Tenodesis Proximal Biceps Tenodesis

    Proximal biceps tenodesis is the surgical reattachment of a torn proximal biceps tendon, which connects the upper part of your biceps muscle to the shoulder.

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  • Proximal Biceps Tendon Rupture Proximal Biceps Tendon Rupture

    The biceps muscle is the muscle of the upper arm which is necessary for the movement of the shoulder and elbow.

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  • Long Head Biceps Tendon Rupture Long Head Biceps Tendon Rupture

    Your biceps muscle has two heads, a long head, and a short head, which are both attached to the shoulder. The long head of the biceps tendon is a tough band of connective fibrous tissue that attaches the long head of the biceps to the top of the shoulder socket.

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  • Multidirectional Instability of the Shoulder Multidirectional Instability of the Shoulder

    The shoulder consists of a ball and socket joint where the rounded end of the humerus (upper arm bone) fits into a socket (glenoid cavity) formed by the shoulder blade.

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  • AC Joint Dislocation/Acromioclavicular Joint Dislocation AC Joint Dislocation/Acromioclavicular Joint Dislocation

    A dislocation occurs when the ends of your bones are partially or completely moved out of their normal position in a joint. A partial dislocation is referred to as a subluxation, whereas a complete separation is referred to as a dislocation.

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  • Calcification Tendinitis Calcification Tendinitis

    Calcification tendinitis is a problem with the shoulder’s tendons and muscles.

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Vanderbilt Orthopaedics Lebanon

1616 West Main Street, Suite 300, Lebanon, TN 37087

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